From U.S. Naval War College Public Affairs
April 10, 2014
Throughout the year, NWC's faculty give lectures at institutions and public forums around the world, write books and journal articles, and receive awards. Here are just some of our latest faculty achievements.
Michael Schmitt, International Law Department chair, was elected to the Council on Foreign Relations.
Thomas Mahnken, Jerome Levy Chair of Economic Geography and National Security, testified on Feb. 27 before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces. The topic was “Seapower and Projection Forces Capabilities to Support the Asia Pacific Rebalance.”
BOOKS AND MONOGRAPHS...
Red Star over the Pacific, written by Toshi Yoshihara and James Holmes, both from strategy and policy, was just published in February 2014 in Japanese. It was also endorsed by Admiral Furusho Koichi, the former Chief of Staff of the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force. This is an outstanding form of engagement
with a vital ally, and the book will be highlighted in late February in Japan at a colloquium sponsored by the Institute for International Policy Studies (a group founded by former Prime Minister Nakasone). Dr. Yoshihara and Dr. Holmes attended this event.
Martin Cook, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, published "Issues in Military Ethics: To Support and Defend the Constitution." He also authored a chapter on constitutional challenges in the United States in "Religion in the Military Worldwide."
John Maurer, strategy and policy, collaborated with Christopher Bell on "At the Crossroads Between Peace and War."
Bruce A. Elleman, maritime history, and S. C. M. Paine, strategy and policy, edited NWC Press Newport Paper Vol. 40, entitled “Commerce Raiding: Historical Case Studies, 1755-2009.”
Tom Mahnken, strategy and policy, co-edited "Strategy in Asia: The Past, Present, and Future of Regional Security," which will be published by Stanford University Press in September.
James Holmes and Toshi Yoshihara, strategy and policy, authored a chapter called “India’s “Monroe Doctrine” and the Gulf,”in the book "Imperial Crossroads," which was recognized as an "Outstanding Academic Title" by the College and Research Librarians' Choice Magazine. This journal for professional librarians receives over 25,000 book titles every year. Of them, they award to only the top 3% the coveted title.
ACADEMIC/PROFESSIONAL JOURNAL ARTICLES...
David Cooper, national security affairs chair, authored Somewhere Between Great and Small: Disentangling the Conceptual Jumble of Middle, Regional, and 'Niche' Powers, The Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations 14(2) (Summer/Fall 2013), pp. 23-35.
Andrew Winner, Strategic Research Department Chair, co-authored :The Myth of Petroleum Independence and Foreign Policy Isolation" in the The Washington Quarterly spring 2014 issue.
Toshi Yoshihara, strategy and policy, published an article in the U.S. Naval Institute’s Proceedings, “Anti-Access: Lessons from the Past.” This contrasted Japan’s plan for fighting the U.S. Navy before World War II with modern China’s maritime area-denial tactics. He also appeared in a major article, “’Anti-Access’ Strategy for Japan, Too,” on page 4 of Japan’s leading newspaper, The Yomiuri Shimbun, on 19 March. This paper is Japan’s equivalent to the New York Times and has a significant global readership.
James Holmes, strategy and policy, wrote a chapter, “Old—But Strong—Wine in New Bottles: China’s Three Warfares,” for a newly-published report developed for the Secretary of Defense by Dr. Andy Marshall and the Office of Net Assessment, “China: The Three Warfares.” This 566-page report evaluates China’s policies and recent actions relevant to the South China Sea. He also authored “Defend the First Island Chain,” in the April 2014 issue of Proceedings Magazine.
Michael Schmitt, international law chair, published the following articles:
"International Law and Cyberwar: A Response to the Ethics of Cyber Weapons" for the Carnegie Council's Ethics & International Affairs section
"Narrowing the International Law Divide: The Drone Debate Matures" in the Yale Journal of International Law Online
"Extraterritorial Lethal Targeting: Deconstructing the Logic of International Law" in the Columbia Journal of Transnational Law
"Legitimacy Versus Legality Redux: Arming the Syrian Rebels" in the Journal of National Security Law and Policy
"Charting the Legal Geography of Non-International Armed Conflict" in International Law Studies
Pete Pedrozo, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, published the following articles:
"The South China Sea Disputes: Formula for a Paradigm Shift? A Response" in Commentaries No. 39 of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies of the Singapore Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies' (IDSS)
"The Bull in the China Shop: Raising Tensions in the Asia-Pacific Region," in International Law Studies
Jeff Shaw, strategy and policy in the College of Distance Education; Tim Demy, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership; and Demetri Economos, national security affairs, co-edited the 2013 edition of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies' online journal Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy. This issue was entitled "Historical and Social Constructs of Technology; Contexts and Value for the Contemporary World."
Jeffrey M. Shaw, strategy and policy in the College of Distance Education, authored “Putting “A Cooperative
Strategy for 21st Century Seapower” to Work: A Wargaming Perspective” in Issue 72, 1st Quarter 2014 edition of the Joint Force Quarterly.
David C. Fuquea, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, authored “Sustaining Our Amphibious Capability,” in the March 2014 issue of Proceedings Magazine.
Jim Butler, joint military operations, authored ""Godzilla Methodology: Means for Determining Center of Gravity" in Issue 72, 1st Quarter 2014 edition of the Joint Force Quarterly. This article identifies a simple but effective means of identifying centers of gravity. The mythical film figure Godzilla is used during the planning process to determine which forces are necessary to achieve military objectives.
Cmdr. John Craig, joint military operations on exchange from the Royal Navy, authored an article entitled 'In Defense of Taking Risks' - developing the core operational tenet of naval personnel training as they mean to fight - which was published in the U.S. Naval Institute's Proceedings magazine in February 2014.
Barney Rubel, Dean of the Center for Naval Warfare Studies, authored "Seeing the Maritime Forest for the Trees," in the April 2014 issue of Proceedings Magazine.
Milan Vego, joint military operations, authored "Chinese Shipping Could be Risky Business," in the April 2014 issue of Proceedings Magazine.
Lyle Goldstein, China Maritime Studies Institute, co-authored "Wired for Sound in the 'Near Seas'" in the April 2014 issue of Proceedings Magazine.
Nikolas Gvosdev, national security affairs, published "Russian Foreign Policy: Interests, Vectors and Sectors" through CQ Press.
John B. Hattendorf, maritime history, published “[Interview] Entretien: Mahan et Luce aux Sources de la Stratégie Navale Américaine,” Défense & Securité Internationale, Hors-série No. 33 (Décembre 2013 – Janvier 2014), pp. 28-32, and Forum: [on the first 25 years of the International Journal of Maritime History] “Naval History,” International Journal of Maritime History, vol. 25, no. 1 (Feb 2014), pp. 104-109.
Sean Henseler, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, edited the second edition of "MOC Warfighter" on-line magazine and co-authored article entitled "A Naval Approach to Relative Combat Power Analysis Can Enhance Naval Planning and Enhance Naval Operations" published in "MOC Warfighter."
Read the latest faculty articles, opinion pieces, blogs, radio interviews and quotes in the news at “NWC in the Headlines” on the college’s website at https://www.usnwc.edu/InTheHeadlines
ON THE ROAD...
Milan Vego, R. K. Turner Professor of Operational Art, joint military operations, visited the Peruvian Navy, March 24-26, and delivered a series of lectures on operational art and joint maritime operations for the resident junior and senior level courses of all three services, as well as civilian officials and academics. He also attended the International Symposium for Security and Defence in Lima, Peru and held on 27-28 March 2014. He delivered one-hour lecture entitled “Navies and Operations Short of War” (with focus on application of operational art). The audience was about 250 and included many high-ranking officers of the Peruvian Navy and other services, directors of almost all naval war colleges in Latin America, several flag/general officers from Canada, Spain, and Republic of Korea, and United States plus several naval/military attaches.
Martin L. Cook, Admiral James Bond Stockdale Professor of Professional Military Ethics, spoke on “Ethics and the Changing Nature of War“ at Davidson College, North Carolina, on Feb. 3, and taught three undergraduate classes during the visit. Video is available at http://vimeo.com/85841710
Stephen Knott, national security affairs, spoke at the Center for American Studies at Christopher Newport University in Newport News, Va., on Feb. 21. The topic was "The Presidency of George Washington: Building the Foundation for American National Security." Video of the talk is available online at http://vimeo.com/87370531
Montgomery McFate, Minerva chair for strategy and policy, spoke about "Cultural Awareness and National Security" at Tiffin University’s School of Criminal Justice, on Feb. 6. McFate has published works on cultural awareness, and has been a key adviser to Gen. David Petraeus in bringing the science of social anthropology to work on the counterinsurgency efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Thomas Fedyszyn, national security affairs, performed a Program Review for the NATO Defense Education Enhancement Program in Baku, Azerbaijan. In addition, he conducted classroom sessions on "Ukraine: The World Responds to Russia" and concluded the trip by briefing the USEUCOM staff in Stuttgart Germany on Azerbaijan's status.
Douglas N. Hime, joint military operations, taught classes on National Policy and Strategy, the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) / Adaptive Planning and Execution (APEX), and Theater Strategy for the Special Operations Planning Course (SOPC) 14B at Joint Special Operations University's Pinewood Facility in Tampa, Fla. on Jan. 27.
Hayat Alvi, national security affairs, presented a paper, "The Post-Secular Republic: Turkey's Experiments with Islamism," on a panel entitled, "Religious Minorities, Sectarianism, and State" at the ISA Conference in Toronto. She also served as Panel Chair for the panel, "India: Foreign Policy of an Emerging but Ambivalent Power."
Andrea Dew, strategy and policy, volunteered her time and expertise to provide a brief for the NWCF on modern piracy. She received rave reviews from John Odegaard: “The rock star of yesterday's event was Dr Andrea Dew. She provided this group with an incredible overview of piracy around the world. Her content, delivery style and grace were simply amazing. I have never been so proud to be associated with the Naval War College. She had 99 type A personalities in the room completely spellbound.”
Thomas Mahnken, strategy and policy, Jerome Levy Chair of Economic Geography and National Security, spoke at the 7th Fleet Commander's Conference in Yokosuka, Japan.
Sean Henseler, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, presented at a variety of conferences and workshops including on "Countering the Mine Threat in a Strategic Strait: Historical and Legal Perspective Focused at the OLW" at the NAVCENT International Mine Countermeasures Conference; and on "Legal Issues Related to Unmanned Underwater, Surface, and Aerial Vehicles" and "The Relationship Between ROE, Authorities, and C2" at the "Interface of Politics, Law and Military Operations" workshop at the German Naval Operations School in Bremerhaven, Germany.
Gene Augustine and David Fuquea, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, were at George Mason University leading over 120 participants from across all five services, Joint Staff and OSD and representatives from 13 partner nations and industry, Feb. 24-28. The Marine Corps Warfighting Lab at MCCDC specifically requested them to lead the exercise in exploring an integrated USN/USMC Maritime Operations Center (MOC) and a concept of operations for MEB HQ to enable the emergent force to address engagement and crisis response requirements.
Michael Schmitt, international law chair, delivered the Distinguished Professorial Address at the University of West England on the future of the law of cyber warfare; directed a workshop with the NATO Cooperative Cyber Center on Low Intensity Cyber Operations and the University of Tartu on the legal regime of cyberwar; traveled to Estonia to continue work as the Director of the NATO Tallinn Manual 2.0 project; and spoke on the law of autonomous weaponry at the Chatham House Conference on Autonomous Military Technology.
Michael Schmitt and Pete Pedrozo, CAPT Gordon Modarai, Lt.Cmdr. James Farrant, International Military Professor from the UK Royal Navy, and Sean Henseler participated in "A Workshop on Contemporary Legal Questions in Naval Mine Warfare" presented by Chatham House in cooperation with the U.S. Naval War College and the Royal Navy.
Tim Hoyt and Toshi Yoshihara, strategy and policy, traveled to Goa, India, to lecture at the Indian Naval War
College in the joint High Command Course (O-6 level) in March. Topics covered during their three-
day visit included: strategy; maritime strategy; China; Pakistan; terrorism; and nuclear proliferation.
Tim Hoyt, strategy and policy, participated in NDU’s conference on China, the Indian Ocean, and South Asia. He gave a talk on “Indian perceptions of Chinese Operations in the Indian Ocean.”
Dex Wilson, strategy and policy, traveled to Tokyo Dec. 11-15 to participate in a conference on “China’s Rising Sea Power and the Responses of Neighboring Countries.” His trip was funded by the Center for Contemporary Chinese Studies at Keio University.
Mike Vlahos, strategy and policy, traveled to Mexico City January 9-11 and on January 23-25 to lecture to Defense and National Security Ph.D. students at the Centro de Estudios Superiores Navales. He has done this in the past, and the Mexican Navy requested an encore performance.
James Holmes, strategy and policy, traveled to Washington, D.C. Jan. 15-16to participate in a “Debate on First Island Chain Defense” at the Center for New American Security. He also attended the West Conference in San Diego 12-15 Feb to participate in the China Panel with RADM Jamie Foggo where he focused on the strategic view of Chinese sea power and its influence on maritime strategy.
Mitch Brown, College of Distance Education Monterey, co-hosted the 23rd in a series of “Karen’s Conversations” in the Carmel Highlands, this time on the topic of Wave Gliders, on Feb. 7. This series was initiated three years ago in order to expand and improve cross-cultural dialogue among the military students at NWC, Naval Postgraduate School and Defense Language Institute and the civilian students at Monterey Institute of International Studies. Generally about 35 -40 faculty members and students attend the off-site conversations, including visiting Newport faculty members Tom Fedyzyn, David Cooper and Robert Carney. Brown estimates that there are now roughly 500 “alumni” of Karen’s Conversations who have left the Monterey/Carmel area and who now are hopefully better equipped in a cross-cultural sense to collaborate with each other in “Soft Power” missions across the globe.
OUT IN THE COMMUNITY…
Paul Smith, national security affairs, led a Great Decisions discussion on China’s Foreign Policy on April 1, for the Newport Council for International Visitors.
John H. Maurer, Alfred Thayer Mahan Professor of Sea Power and Grand Strategy, presented “Embattled Superpower: Churchill and Britain in the Aftermath of the First World War” at the New-York Historical Society in New York City, on March 29, as part of the Bernard and Irene Schwartz Distinguished Speakers Series.
Hayat Alvi, national security affairs, was a co-discussant with Roger Williams University professor Joseph Roberts for the Newport Council for International Visitors on the topic “Islamic Awakening" as part of their "Great Decision" series.
John Hattendorf, maritime history, spoke on "Oliver Hazard Perry and the Battle of Lake Erie" at the 273rd anniversary dinner of the Newport Artillery Company and on "Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce" at the 114th anniversary dinner of the Rhode Island Commandery of the Military Order of Foreign Wars.
Stan Carpenter, College of Distance Education, will present a quarterly lecture series on World War II in the Pacific at the Essex Meadows Retirement Village in Essex, Conn., throughout 2014. Many of the residents are World War II veterans.
Will Bundy, GRAVELY Group, spoke at the Sea Cadet Ball, March 8 at the Quonset 'O' Club on being a Sea Cadet and the importance of STEM education.
Sean Henseler, College of Operational and Strategic Leadership, organized and conducted the first ever "Rhode Island Veterans Appreciation Day" attended by over 100 veterans and 650 high school students at Quonset Point; served as guest speaker at "RI Capitol Forum" at the Rhode Island State House as well as at Westerly High School on “US Policy on the Use of Drones.” He was interviewed as part of a Narragansett High School/C-SPAN video project on "The US Policy on the Use of Drones for Targeted Killings"; and organized an NWC/SWOS Field trip for St. Rocco School in Johnston, Rhode Island.